Instructor Power Line Worker – Adjunct Pool
Author: [email protected] (HigherEdJobs)
Author: [email protected] (HigherEdJobs)
When you are setting up a new house or building one crucial aspect is to set up your utility suppliers and particularly power suppliers. This means getting gas and electricity for you home, and without these your house will be very much lacking as a home and most businesses will not be able to operate. Almost all of the luxuries and appliances we are used to today require gas or electricity to use, and this means that we need them for cooking meals – using the hob, the oven or the microwave, for working – using the computer, for leisure – using games consoles, televisions, music players, for heating and even for washing. A home without gas or electricity then would be a home that was cold and empty and that left you resorting to reading books by candlelight – romantic for one night in a power cut but not a situation most of us would be happy to live with.
When you set up your power supply this will involve being connected to a power grid to get your energy directed to your home. When you do this you will need to decide if you want electricity and gas, or just electricity. Gas is not fully necessary as most gas appliances can also run on electricity – for example yo can have electric heating and electric hobs. However it is not possible to get just gas (or at least not advisable) as you will not be able to run things such as computers off of gas. Setting up just one utility as opposed to two makes things simpler and reduces the number of different direct debits coming out of your accounts, however at the same time if you get gas heating you will be using a more energy efficient way of heating your property and will be able to avoid spending more than necessary as a result. Gas heating for example is probably cheaper than electric heating.
When you set up both gas and electricity you will normally do so using the same suppliers. Normally when you apply to the local grid you will do so for both electrical and gas supplies and they will talk it through with you. If you have bought the home from a site developer, or have bought it from someone else then the building will probably already be connected to a grid and getting a power supply will simply involve choosing an electricity supplier and setting up an account with them. If the building already has a power supply then you need to contact the suppliers to let them know if you've moved in. If you want to change to a different supplier you will need to tell them that you want to cancel and then set up a new account. It's crucial when you move in to take note of the electricity and gas meter readings to ensure that you are not paying for any previous tenants' electricity use.
However when supplying a completely new building with electricity you will need a company that's not only able to supply gas and electricity but also one that is licensed to connect. To do this you will need to look at authorized utility infrastructure in your area. A quick Google search will bring up your options and you can then compare quotes to get the cheapest installation.
Power tools are one of the greatest conveniences for getting handyman jobs and professional jobs done quickly, but since power tools often run on electricity, it is essential that safety instructions are followed.
Here are a few quick power tool safety tips .
Tip 1 – Always use the correct power tool for the environment.Power tools that are made for outdoor use have better insulation, heavier wiring and a three way grounded plug.
Tip 2 – Keep your power cord tangle free and away from the tool "action" zone.
Tip 3 – If you get any nicks or cuts in the cord, inspect them immediately. If it severe considering replacing the cord. As a last resort use tape to shield it from the elements for minor nicks.
Tip 4 – Inspect the power cord and all connections regularly for signs of breakage.
Tip 5 – Avoid using electric power tools on wet surfaces as water is a good electrical conductor. In combination with other factors – broken cords, machine malfunctions etc, it can put you at risk of shock.
Tip 6 – Never immerse your power tool in water – looks obvious but has to be said.
Tip 7 – Keep your work area clean – dust can ignite from a spark. Avoid using power tools near flammable liquids or gas.
Tip 8 – Follow any specific instructions from the manufacturer.
Ok, so these are some safety tips, nothing beats a safety consciousness and putting safety as a priority when using power tools. So be safe and enjoy your work.
Electricity typically travels in a carefully directed closed-system. Electrical shock can occur when the body becomes part of this system, or creates a new system path. The actual damage from shock is from current flow (amperes). As little as 50 milliamperes (or 1 / 20th of an ampere) can cause electrocution. The danger is multiplied by the amount of time (duration) that the shock is applied through the body. A lower voltage of say, a 120 volt household current can cause some shock or death in as little as 3 or 4 seconds duration. Higher voltages at less duration can cause the same amount of current flow and damage
Shock typically occurs in one of three methods:
Touching both wires of an electrical circuit.
Touching one (hot) wire of an electrical circuit and the ground.
Touching a metallic part that has become energized and the ground.
The last method can be the least-expected type of shock related injury. If the insulation of the electrical parts or wiring inside a tool becomes deteriorated or damaged, electricity can be allowed to flow along the metal parts and body of the tool. This is why "grounding" is so important.
Electrical circuits from utilities have one or more "hot" conductors which have electrical energy, and a neutral or "grounded" conductor. This grounded conductor is the normal path electricity takes back to the utility. If this pathway is interrupted by a person, current can then flow through the person, causing shock. To help prevent this, electrical circuits have an equipment ground, or "grounding" conductor. This is a second, redundant ground path (to be used in cases of equipment defects) which is bonded electrically to the non-current-carrying metal parts of a tool.
By having all metallic parts of tools bonded to a grounding conductor, this conductor- and not the worker can safely carry away any electrical current in the case of a tool's malfunction. When a tool is properly grounded, current through the body is either eliminated, or greatly reduced. This is why OSHA requires either the use of GFCI receptacles, or all tools and extension cords periodically checked for ground continuity.
The GFCI receptacle is especially useful since it will (even without a good ground) sense more amperes flowing out from the power source than back from the tool. Any imbalance greater than 5 millamperes (significantly less than a shock hazard) will cause the receptacle to shut off- usually within 1 / 40th of a second. If a GFCI receptacle shuts off, the worker can then find the cause of the electrical problem.
Because of the hazards associated with electrical powered tools, care must be taken to examine daily the visible condition of tool and extension cords, especially the cord ends for any damage or defects. Tools should be checked out when returned to the shop before reissuing back out to the workplace.
OSHA has five overall recommendations for electrical tools safety.
Maintain tools in good condition.
Use the correct tool for the job.
Examine each tool for damage before use.
Operate tools according to manufacturer's instructions.
Use adequate personal protective equipment.
This is part one of a two part series on Electrical Power Tool Safety.
Author: [email protected] (HigherEdJobs)
Power Supply Cords is a physical medium of Supplying electricity which can be detracted from the main power source to any electrical appliances. Power Supply Cords are flexible cords with electrical plugs at both the ends, one male and one female. The wire cable connecting both ends are termed as cable assembly which consist of a conducting medium, basically copper strands that covers the cords fully and acts as an insulating material and cover the outer area with either polymer or rubber jacket which protects the wire.
Power Supply Cords is the one end that is permanently fixed to that electrical equipment or appliance, and the power cord sets is that cord set that can be utilized anywhere that electrical appliance or equipment is used. It can be used in office, industries, commercial and domestic area. Extension Power Cords are the long wire cable or the cord set that helps the equipment to be connected to any electrical supplies or the source which is far away from the place of that equipment where it is being used. These extension power cords are used in various applications such as lighting, sound equipment, shop equipment and in many other domestic settings. NEMA power cords are the standard for North America Electrical plugs, cord Voltage capacities and electrical receptacles configuration. These are according to the North America Standards rest is different standards that are set for International market also termed as 'International Power cords'. There are also plug adapters to reconcile NEMA Plugs with International Sockets.
Male plug is One End of the power supply cord that connets the electrical receptacle, electrical outlet or power supply and the female plug that connects to the electrical equipment or the appliance. Power Supply cord manufacturers manufacture power cords according to different regions and countries as they have some different voltage standards and electrical receptable configurations which may or may not interchangeable with cords from other locations. The North American standards are termed as National Electrical Manufacturer's Association (NEMA) standards for power supply cords and they are different from the International Standards. NEMA standards have come out with 15 different types of power supply cords which can not be used or interchanged outside North America.
Consider many factors While Selecting the power cord type for different applications. Power cord manufacturers follow various specifications that include voltage rating, current rating, jacket material, safety, length, wire shape and size and maximum cable temperature. The application determines the type of jacket material is best suited for that cord. Jackets also range from thermoformed from PVC, rubber, polychloroprene and textile construction. The size of power supply cord or the electrical wire is determined by the amount of voltage that will be passed through the cord. The NEMA sets company standards for both male electric plugs and female electric plugs. An Electric plug is polarized when the physical characteristics of the blades allow the plug to be connected to the electrical outlet in only one way. Polarization and grounding is necessary for increasing higher voltage appliances and electrical equipment that could be higher risk of electric shock when they become live.
There are a variety of power supply cords in the market depending upon its gauge sizes, application for which it will be used (heavy, mid, low), awg sizes, insulation's and various jackets. It Includes International Power Cords, Cord Sets, AC Power Cords, Electric Cords, Electrical Receptacles, Electrical Plugs, NEMA Power Cords, Cord Covers, Power Supply Cords, Extension Cords, Cable Assembly and Plug Adapters & Plug Covers. All the above Electrical plugs and wire cables are used in different applications with high, mid and low density.
One of the most common accidents caused by electrical power tools is electrical shock. This happens when the body becomes part of the closed electrical system. A person can get electrocuted by 50 milliamperes and the main issue is due to the time that the electrical shock is actually going through the body. While this in itself is quite scary, all these accidents can be easily avoided by knowing a few safety issues and tips for protecting your health.
An important part of avoiding accidents is careful inspection of the electrical power tool. Each day the condition of the item should be re-examined, particularly when it comes to extension cords. These cords can easily cut, torn, frayed and otherwise damaged.
There are several recommendations given by OSHA for safety when using tools running on electricity.
First of all the tool should be maintained in good condition.
Also depending on the job, the proper tool should be used.
Before using, the tool needs to be carefully examined for any damages that could cause accidents.
Also before using the item, the usage instructions should be read and properly followed. Each tool is different from another and many times they even differ from model to model.
When using electrical power tools, adequate protective equipment should be worn.
The truth is that the safety of each tool really depends on the user. Every person needs to be at all times alert when using the item and do not have their minds wander away in daydreaming exercises.
Here are some additional safety tips that are beneficial for users of various electrical power tools.
You might have got interested with prostate massager but you found out that doing the activity is giving you lots of difficulties. Well, do not fret as you have prostate massager as a friend. This is the power tool that can enable you to reach the pleasurable heights of prostate orgasm. To add, you are also ensuring the healthy status of this walnut-size gland.
I have to be honest, for the first few tries with stimulating my prostate, I had a hard time. I have to change positions for numerous times in order to get one that suits my need. Since I practiced for so many times, I finally found the position that I have been looking for. However, if you weren’t as lucky as me, you do not have to give up right away. The prostate massager can be of huge help.
There are different hurdles that one must overcome in doing this task. Good thing that I am pre-disposed to health-related tips like this one. Actually, it was the history of my family that gave me the push to learn more about this sensual massage. My grandfather had cancer in this gland, and that increases my susceptibility to this sickness. The main idea that I was thinking is to free me from cancer.
So, what does this prostate massager do? Do you really need this? Let me be straight, if you have a stubby finger or you have been having difficulties finding your prostate, this is the solution you have been looking for. Not all of us have slender and long fingers, and some are not as fit to do this without any help. If the prostate, or the bump, is located at the deeper part of your rectum, the prostate massager does wonders.
This tool is made to endure the demands of prostate massage. Hence, you do not have to worry about the materials that are used in these products. Most of the time, manufacturers use silicon. Its shape is engineered to be able to give your prostate the proper stimulation it needs, in order to pursue a successful orgasm. Lastly, its main purpose is to give you an easier time in reaching the hard to access area.
Prior to using your massager, you may just exercise with just your finger. Just for you to get used to the idea of being stimulated on your anus. Before you touch this part of your body, make sure that you have taken a bath, and you did clean your hands and fingers. Also, trim your nails, as this could injure your skin. Give yourself ample time to do this, don’t rush.
Another tip is for you to be in an enclosed area that makes you feel relaxed, and nobody would distract you. Do simple breathing exercises to free your muscles from tensing. Tensed muscles would make it difficult for you to reach your anus. Moreover, your body would not be as receptive to stimulation if it is tensed. So, you may do breath in and breath out exercises for a few minutes. I find this very helpful as a preparation.
Along with your massager should be a lubricant that is of good quality. You may easily get this on your pharmacy. Expect bodily liquids in this activity. Hence, it is best to have towels ready with you. Keep in mind that you have to do ample preparations as we want to avoid injury, and sickness. If you didn’t have your hands and body cleaned, the bacteria maybe transported inside your body.
There is a line of prostate massager that you can choose from. I suggest that you read the reviews and take note of its features. This will allow you to make most out of it. Good Luck!
Power tools are great for making big and small jobs around the house a lot easier and faster than manual powered equipment. All construction tools fall into one of two main categories. Within these categories, they are further divided up by exactly how they are powered. Here are the basic characteristics for these categories to help you decide what you need in your arsenal of equipments:
Portable: These power equipments are great for their convenience. They are hand-held so you can go from one job to the next with ease. Just because they are portable doesn’t mean they are less powerful or less important to a big job. They have specific uses that are very important and depending on the piece, they aren’t necessarily tiny. An air compressor is portable (usually on wheels) but it can help you put up a privacy fence in no time.
Other portable pieces include the power drill, sander, circular saw, planer and much more. Depending on the job you’re planning, you may not even need any of the pieces in the next category.
Stationary: These are bigger pieces for bigger jobs and they stay put. Pieces like the table saw or mitre saw are common stationary construction equipments. They are used to cut large pieces of wood and planks. If you need big pieces like these, you need to make sure you have a workshop large enough to accommodate them. These cannot be stored away in the tool box or cabinets. Stationary power tools are more like pieces of furniture for your workshop.
Gas-powered-These are usually large outdoor equipments. Chainsaws are one of the common gas-powered equipments as well as weed-eaters and edgers. These are convenient because there is no cord tying you down and you can work anywhere in the yard. These can be hard to use for some people because it takes some strength to get it cranked the first time. Though once you get a feel for it, pulling that string gets easier.
Electric-powered-These come in two categories: battery and corded. The battery-powered came about for the convenience of not being tethered to a wall and made working in a variety of places much easier.
The early versions were less powerful than the corded tools, but advancements in batteries and the equipment have put them on par with corded pieces. Of course, you also get what you pay for here. The least expensive is not likely to give you much force or intensity so, if you’ve got a big job, it makes sense to invest in a good piece.
Compressed air-This type of equipment is corded but, the compressed air is the force behind the machine. There are so many uses for an air compressor. Attachments include nail and brad guns of all sizes, sprayers and of course, it can also be used to air up the tires. Make sure you learn how to properly use and care for power tools. This ensures your safety as well as the longevity of the equipment.
Electrical tools sometimes called power tools are labor saving devices that makes easy work or all types of tasks.
History of Tools
Tools have evolved right along with the human. Initially tools simply were made of shells and stones. These primitive relatives of today’s modern tools got the job done and helped our ancestors to move out of the caves into other forms of housing.
In the late eighteen hundreds tools were still primarily hand tools, that were powered by human power, they had evolved into mechanical hand cranked tools and steam powered tools. The invention of the first of the electrical tools occurred in the early nineteen hundreds.
The first of its kind was an electric drill which quite quickly replaces the hand crank drill. The litany of tools that followed is quite impressive and over the years the list has grown exponentially.
Just about every hand tool has an electrical version of the same. Starting with the drill and moving through each conceivable tool there is usually several types for each.
Drills, hammers, saws all have electrical options. With the drill being the most popular. There are models that have to be plugged directly into the wall outlet or into a drop cord. There are models that depend on batteries to get their power, usually these are rechargeable and have a base that is plugged into the electrical outlet that the tool can be sat in or pulled away from. The base recharges the battery pack that supplies the power to the tool in use.
Cordless models are much more popular than corded models because of the freedom that they afford the user. The tool that is cordless can be used anywhere and is great for outside jobs where an electrical outlet may not be easily accessible.
Electrical tools are very affordable. Some models can be quite expensive because they have all the bells and whistles and may be quite powerful. They are well worth the investment, and can really help if your job requires that you have to be able to construct items.
Typically the best place to purchase electrical tools is through a home improvement store. They can also be purchased online, through discount box stores and other venues like hardware stores (which are a little hard to find these days).
Electrical tools have come a long way since their inception they are true labor saving devices that have improved the quality of work for millions of people.